Afghan American Peace Agreement

Representatives of the United States and the Taliban who participated in the signing of a landmark agreement in Qatar in February avoided calling it a “peace agreement.” The agreement set a tentative timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan, preventing the Taliban from using international jihadist groups such as Al Qaeda to attack the United States or its allies. Border crossings: Can the Taliban and Afghan leaders share peace? The Taliban may also have trouble convincing Quetta Shura skeptics – the Council of Taliban Leaders or Rahbari Shura – such as Abdul Qayyum Zakir, Mullah Ibrahim Sadar, Mullah Yaqub and even leader Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada. Lower Taliban commanders or partner groups such as Al Qaeda could also oppose an agreement or oppose how it could be implemented. According to a UN assessment, Al Qaeda leaders conducted shuttle diplomacy to influence senior Taliban leaders and field commanders, to oppose peace talks – and even commit to increasing Al Qaeda`s financial support to the Taliban. Polls show that the Afghan people were willing to make some compromises for peace. But many question whether the Taliban can be held accountable for what they have promised. They also fear losing the important achievements of international engagement in Afghanistan, such as women`s empowerment, increased freedom of expression and a more vibrant press. Taliban co-founder Abdul Ghani Baradar was one of the main Taliban members in favor of talks with the governments of the United States and Afghanistan. Karzai`s government reportedly held discussions with Baradar in February 2010. Later that month, Baradar was captured during a joint U.S.-Pakistan raid on the Pakistani city of Karachi. The arrest angered Karzai and called for arrest because Pakistan`s secret services were opposed to Afghan peace talks.

[44] [45] After his re-election in the 2009 Afghan presidential elections, Karzai said he would hold a “Jirga of Peace” in Kabul for peace. The event, which brought together 1,600 delegates, took place in June 2010, but the Taliban and Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, both invited by Karzai as a gesture of goodwill, did not attend the conference. [46] In 2010, a change of mentality and strategy took place within the Obama administration to allow for possible political negotiations to resolve the war. [48] The Taliban themselves had refused to speak to the Afghan government as an American “doll.” Sporadic efforts at peace talks between the United States and the Taliban then took place, and in October 2010 it was reported that Taliban commanders (the “Quetta Shura”) had left their sanctuary in Pakistan and were safely escorted by NATO aircraft to Kabul, with the assurance that NATO personnel would not arrest them. [49] At the end of the talks, it turned out that the head of that delegation, which claimed to be Akhtar Mansour, the second taliban commander, was in fact a crook who had deceived NATO officials. [50] The United States has reached an agreement with the Taliban, but considerable challenges remain, such as political power-sharing, the role of Islam and women`s rights in achieving intra-Afghan peace. Meanwhile, the number of American troops is already being reduced. Under the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, all U.S. forces will withdraw by May 2021, when the Taliban will honour their commitments to Al Qaeda and begin talks with the government.

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